Dialectical Behavioral Therapy has the aim of teaching people to both accept themselves as they are and at the same time realize their need for change. It works on shifting a person’s assessment of themselves (and the world) from one of dialectical thinking (either all good or all bad) to one of non-judgement, and acceptance.
In the previous post, commenter Sean challenged the view that Christians can be non-judgemental in all circumstances and clearly differentiated circumstances which warranted refraining from judgement (being judgemental) and those that warranted judgement (i.e. to identify sin.). This is a dialectic in itself and merges well with DBT’s aim to encourage its participants to both accept themselves and realize their need for change.
This dialectic of acceptance and change is one that is inherent in the Gospel. We learn through Jesus that God loves the world so deeply that he gave his only son (John 3:16). However, God’s love requires reciprocation, action, and relationship as the rest of the verse says “whoever believes in him will not perish but have everlasting life.
Time and time again in the New Testament Jesus demonstrates God’s extravagant love to those considered the most outcast, hated (not loved) and rejected including the Samaritan woman at the well (John 4), the woman who lavished him with perfume (Luke 7), the tax collector (Luke 19), etc. He was accused by the religious of frequenting with “sinners and tax-collectors”. This likely aggravated the religious folk because they feared that he was accepting of sin, as it seems contradictory that you could both accept and reject at the same time. Indeed it can be.
The key to handling this dialectic is forgiveness. God’s amazing ability and offer to forgive to all who seek it provides a true and radical acceptance a bridge between being who we are and changing to becoming more like God/Christ.
When Jesus teachers his disciples to pray he teaches this practice of continually coming to God in for forgiveness, realizing that at the same time we are his beloved Children, we are also deeply fallen and sinful creatures who need God’s love. Many people get stuck in this process. They find it hard to let go and believe that God could truly love them and forgive the things in the past that were truly sinful. Another problem we have is blindness to our own sinful nature- especially as people who have been trying to follow God for a little longer- we haven’t committed some of the “big” sins and so we figure we are “Ok” and fail to look more deeply at the nature of our selves and have come to accept too much of our desires and yearnings that are in fact more worldly (“Me” centred) rather than Godly (God-centred). So we both need acceptance and forgiveness to engage in the radical acceptance and transformation that God offers through Jesus.
You may wonder how this differs from the “Radical Acceptance” espoused in current psychological treatments. Radical Acceptance in DBT is based on Buddhist principles that we will endure pain but we have a choice to suffer- radical acceptance may entail accepting a situation or a person as they are rather than striving to change it, or bemoan it. To stop dwelling on things that we may or may not have control.
There are passages in the bible and whole books (Job) which talk about suffering. Paul regards suffering as purposeful,cleansing us from selfishness, as a place of joy (Colossians 1:24) and connecting us to Christ’s suffering (2 Cor. 1:5-7). Jesus also admonishes us that those who follow Him will be persecuted for righteousness. In this way Radical acceptance may at times be advisable to Christians. In addition the reasons or results of enduring pain, for the Christian, may be different from those espoused by Radical Acceptance in DBT.
Enduring pain seems justified for those who suffer apart from their actions, but can Christians advocate radical acceptance when suffering is self-inflicted?
That’s a very good question.
What do you think?